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A look at major and minor triads. It is good to memorize these and keep them for "go to" licks just in case you have to improvise.
Keep in mind that these patterns are pretty much universal. They can be moved around from position to position.
Remember also that a triad is three notes that make up a chord. Usually, a triad is made up of the first, third, and fifth tone of the scale.

The first one--a major triad. I will TAB this in G (please excuse the crudeness of the TAB), but like I said, you can move it to any key and it will work with all major chords.

Ex. 1
G major triad

The following example is a triad in G minor. Once again, you can move this to any other key on the fretboard and play the same pattern for minor chords.

Ex. 2
G minor triad

You don't have to play the notes of either of these useful triads in any particular order. However, I recommend starting with the root any time you play them until you get used to the feel of what you're doing.
Just have a good time with these triads. For more information on the subject, please refer to Bass Guitar for Dummies by Patrick Pfeiffer (2003)--a good resource for all things bass!
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